As well as humans, our planet is home to millions of species of animals, flora and fauna. It also hosts an array of amazing habitats which can be found both on land and in the sea. All of this combined makes up nature all around us here on Earth.

Our diverse habitats which support a rich variety of wildlife include forests, peatlands, bogs and salt marshes as well as wetlands, deserts and swamps, grasslands and sand dunes, underwater seagrass meadows and kelp forests to name a few. It’s likely that we may never visit some of these places, yet they all play a hugely important role in the lives of humans and their health is vital for our survival too.

This is because alongside supporting species, many of nature’s habitats also have the ability to help lessen the impact of climate change, but these very habitats and the species which they support are now being impacted by climate change too. Experts have highlighted that climate change and the loss of nature are problems which are linked and which must be tackled together.

The UK has committed to becoming nature positive by 2030.  This means reversing the current decline of biodiversity so that ecosystems can once again thrive.  

Diagram showing the impact of adopting Nature Positive 2030 solutions versus the impact of doing nothing


Peatlands are one of the most valuable ecosystems on Earth – although they occupy just 3% of the Earth’s land surface, they are of enormous importance to the stability and general wellbeing of our environment.

Peatlands support a range of specialised plants and animals and also act as a major store of soil carbon. Peatlands also provide a range of other ecosystem services, such as water purification, flood alleviation, recreational opportunities and contain a historical archive.

Interesting fact – peatlands store more carbon than all other vegetation types in the world combined.

Read more articles below on the ways in which nature is being impacted by human behaviour and climate change, and the steps we can all take to help make things better.

Pink Wax Cap

7 Fungi Facts

7 Fun facts about fungi! Fungus, plural fungi, is any member of the group of about 144,000 known eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Fungi, which includes yeasts, rusts, smuts, mildews, molds, and mushrooms. 
They are found in just about any habitat but most live on the land, mainly in soil or on plant material, and they come in all shapes and sizes.  Some also live in the sea or in fresh water.

Marine Conservation and Disturbance

Marine Conservation and Disturbance

The waters around NI are full of a rich array of marine wildlife including dolphins, sharks, seals, jellyfish and much more. We have eleven species of sharks and two species

Source to Tap - Livestock fencing to exclude cattle from watercourse, limiting sediment

Nature 2030 Case Studies -Source to Tap

Source to Tap is an innovative, exciting, cross-border partnership project with the objective of developing sustainable solutions for the protection of rivers and lakes on the River Derg and River Erne, which are the main sources of our shared drinking water.